Top 10 tallest skyscrapers in Europe
With Russia dominating the list, Business Chief looks at the tallest buildings in Europe. Spanning countries that are split across continents, Europe offers some of the world’s highest buildings, where many can be found in the Moscow International Business Centre.
10. Triumph Palace
Often referred to as the Eighth Sister due to its resemblance to the Seven Sisters towers also located in Russia’s eastern capital city, Moscow, Triumph Palace stands at 57-floors tall. The residential building is the tallest apartment block in the world, documented by the Guinness World Records since 2003. The palace also held the position of the tallest building in Russia until 2007. Construction began by developer DON-Story in 2001 and was complete by 2005. Trophimov Andrey was appointed to design the building. The structure hosts the five-star Triumph Palace Boutique Hotel, which occupies the top three floors with its 15 rooms.
9. Naberezhnaya Tower
Naberezhnaya Tower translates to Tower on the Embankment. Built in Moscow, the building is used as an office complex. The design features three structures, with the tallest block (Block C) making it to the tenth largest building on the continent. The office tower, which was developed by ENKA, has 61 floors above ground and five below. Construction began on the steel and concrete tower in 2005 and ended in 2007. The building is owned by City Center Investment B. V.
8. Skyland Instanbul
Located on the European side of the Bosporus strait in the Şişli district of Istanbul, the pair of mixed-use towers were designed by Peter Vaughan of Broadway Malyan. From the buildings, occupiers can benefit from both urban and forest views of Turkey’s largest city. Between the two 65 and 64-storey structures are 830 residences, 504 office spaces, and a conference hall with the capacity for 550 people. Between the towers stands a smaller 590.5ft (180m) structure that houses 500 rooms belonging to a five-star hotel. The project was completed in 2017, four years after construction had begun on the concrete towers, and eight years after the concept was proposed.
7. Capital City Moscow Tower
The building stands as part of three – two skyscrapers and an office block – in the City of Capitals mixed-use complex. Moscow Tower stands taller than its counterpart, St Petersburg Tower, named after the nation’s other historical capital, which reaches 146ft (44.6m). Found in plot nine of Moscow’s International Business Centre, the site was proposed in 2003, with construction beginning two years later and finishing five years after that. Capital Group own and developed the tower, with NBBJ designing the architecture and Arup managing engineer works. 76 floors sit above the ground and six fall below. The designed was inspired by “Corner Counter Relief,” a mixed-material, abstract, and futuristic composition created by Vladimir Tatlin in 1914. The iconic shape of the offset façade blocks reflects Tatlin’s use of space in the piece.
Eurasia is also often known as Steel Peak and stands at 72-storeys tall near Moscow’s Moskva river. The tower features a hotel with 149 rooms, office and residential spaces, as well as a swimming pool, fitness centre and casino. LLC Plaza, the private equity company, owns the structure. In 2016, VB-service, the VTB Bank subsidiary, acquired a 99.55% stake in the firm. MOS City Group developed the building with two architects – Swanke Hayden Connell Architects, the former New York City-based firm, who were responsible for Eurasia’s concept, whilst Russia’s Gorprojects managed the tower’s design. The building’s engineers were US firms Thornton Tomasetti and Cosentini Associates. VTB 24 and the Bank of Moscow both plan to open head offices in the block.
5. The Shard
London’s The Shard is located in the UK’s capital’s Southwark district. The structure features residential and office space, as well as the Shangri-La Hotel and several restaurants. The View from The Shard markets itself as London’s highest bar. London Bridge Quarter Ltd own the building, which was developed by Sellar Property Group. Renzo Piano Building Workshop and Adamson Associates were the structure’s architects, whilst WSP Group, Arup, Turner & Townsend, and Mace Limited were all involved in engineering. The Shard, which has been referred to as a “vertical city” was under construction for four years, ending in 2013.
4. Mercury City Tower
Taking plot 14 of the Moscow International Business Centre is the Mercury City Tower. The building hosts offices, apartments, shopping, and a fitness centre. Formerly Russia’s tallest building between late 2012 and mid-2014, the structure now sits in fourth position. The 75-storey concrete structure was developed by Liedel Investments Limited and Mercury Development. The “golden tower” offers energy-efficient, eco real estate through the instalment of the gold-glazing that helps maintain temperatures inside. The building was the winner of the World’s Best Property Award 2017 and the title of the best five-star multifunctional complex in Europe from the International Property Awards.
3. OKO South Tower
OKO is made up of two towers on the 16th plot in the Moscow International Business Centre. In Russian oko means eye, but the name also works as an acronym for Oбъединённые Кристаллом Oснования, which translates to Joined by Crystal Foundation. Between the two buildings, one of which is 85-storeys tall and the other 49-storeys tall, are apartments, offices, and a five-star hotel. Capital Group began the development in 2011, finishing the project in 2015. Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP created the architectural and engineer designs, and Ant Yapi Sanayi ve Ticaret Limited Sirketi was appointed as main contractor.
2. Federation Tower: Vostok
Tower East of the Federation Tower complex stands over a third higher than Tower West, with 430ft (131.2m) between them. The Russian private investment firm, AEON Corporation, owns the 97-floor and 63-floor structures that join on a single podium. Once again found in the Moscow International Business Centre, the building’s construction reached completion in 2016. During the construction process the structure was often used for extreme sports, such as climbing and base jumping. The numerous underground levels are connected to a shopping centre and the Moscow Metro, with the city planning to eventually create an “underground city” connecting all of Russia’s capital.
1. Lakhta Centre
Europe’s largest building, with 87 floors, is located in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The tower is the 13th tallest across the globe. Although the structure is still being finished, the last construction crane was removed from the site in June 2018. Initially, the Gazprom-owned tower was to be built in Saint Petersburg’s historic centre and was to be named Okhta Centre. Gorproject, SMDP, Inforceproject, and WSP designed the site, launching construction in 2012. The building has used enough concrete (19,624 cubic metres) in the bottom slab to claim to be featured in the Guinness Book of Records. The tower has also received gold certification from the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) due to sustainable technologies.
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